Arizona state quick facts
    Arizona Facts
    State of Arizona
    Nickname The Grand Canyon State
    Capital Phoenix
    Largest city Phoenix
    Population 7M (Rank:14)

    Arizona facts


    How did Arizona get its name?
    Arizona's name originated from the Spanish name, Arizonac, which in turn derived from an Indian word, alĭ ṣonak (meaning "small spring")

    Arizona facts

    Most populous state capital
    Phoenix is the fifth most populous city nationwide, the most populous state capital in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. Two-thirds of Arizona's population lives in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area.

    Facts about Arizona


    Arizona's nicknames
    Arizona is the largest copper producing state in the Unites States. More copper is mined in Arizona than all the other states combined, and the Morenci Mine is the largest copper producing mine in the North America. That's why Arizona is nicknamed 'The Copper State'. Arizona is home to the magnificent 'Grand Canyon' and hence its popular nickname, "The Grand Canyon State".

    Arizona facts



    Hottest US city
    Lake Havasu City holds the all-time record high temperature in Arizona history with 128 °F recorded on June 29, 1994. This temperature is also the highest for a town or city in the Western Hemisphere. Lake Havasu City is the hottest US city as it recorded the highest annual average temperature for a US city (94.8 °F)

    Facts about Arizona state


    Navajo Nation
    Arizona is home to the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the Unites States. Covering about 27,425 square miles of Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico, the Navajo Nation is larger than ten states of the United Staes. Its capital is seated in Window Rock, Arizona.

    Arizona facts


    Most national monuments
    Arizona state has 18 national monuments, more than any other state in the Unites States

    Arizona facts


    Largest rose bush
    Arizona is home to the world’s largest rose bush. Planted in Tombstone in 1885, the giant rose bush has a 12-foot circumference trunk and covers an area of 9,000 square feet.

    Arizona facts


    Pluto
    In 1906, Percival Lowell — a wealthy Bostonian who had founded Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1894 - started an extensive project in search of a possible ninth planet, which he termed "Planet X". Pluto was discovered from the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh.

    Arizona facts


    Crater
    Fifty thousand years ago, a meteor slammed into an area that is now part of Arizona with the force of 150 atomic bombs. The resulting crater, the best-preserved meteor crater on Earth, is located near Winslow, Arizona.

    Arizona facts


    Skydiving
    'Skydive Arizona' is the largest skydiving center in the world.

    Arizona facts


    Navajo Code Talkers
    Navajo Indians of Arizona were enlisted By US to transmit secret communications during World War II. These Navajo Code Talkers created an oral code using their language and the Axis Forces could not decipher it. Thus the Navajo Code Talkers played a small but crucial role in tilting the balance of power in favor of USA-led Allied Forces.

    Arizona facts



    Astronomer's paradise
    Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) in Arizona, has the most diverse collection of astronomical observatories on Earth for nighttime optical and infrared astronomy and daytime study of the Sun. Sharing the mountaintop site with the National Solar Observatory, KPNO, founded in 1958, operates three major nighttime telescopes and hosts the facilities of consortia which operate 22 optical telescopes and two radio telescopes.

    Arizona facts

    Sky Harbor
    Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport has the world’s first public transport system that goes over an active airport taxiway.

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    Mountains
    Arizona has 3,928 mountain peaks and summits—more mountains than any one of the other Mountain States (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming).

    Arizona state facts

    Big state
    In area, Arizona is the sixth largest state in the United States (behind Alaska, Texas, California, Montana and New Mexico) All six New England states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) and the state of Pennsylvania would fit inside Arizona.

    Arizona facts



    Last state
    Arizona is the last state to join the union in the contiguous United States. It became the 48th state on February 14, 1912. President William Howard Taft was ready to make Arizona a state on February 12, but it was Lincoln’s birthday. The next day, the 13th, was considered bad luck so they waited until the following day. That’s how Arizona became known as the “Valentine State.”
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    Arizona facts

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Oldest settlement
    The Hopi village in Navajo County, is the oldest continually-inhabited place in America, dating back to at least 1150 AD.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Most native Indian land
    Out of all the states in the United States, Arizona has the largest percentage of its land designated as Indian lands.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Largest solar telescope
    Arizona is home to the largest solar telescope, located at the Kitts Peak National Observatory.

    Interesting Arizona facts

    Phoenix
    The state capital and largest city, Phoenix, was founded in 1867 by Jack Swilling, a Confederate veteran of the Civil War. In 1881, Phoenix was incorporated as a city, and in 1889 it became capital of the Arizona Territory.

    Interesting facts about Arizona


    Southernmost ski resort
    Mount Lemmon, in the Santa Catalina Mountains, is the southernmost ski resort in the United States.

    Interesting Arizona facts

    London Bridge
    When England’s famous London Bridge was replaced in the 1960s, the original was purchased for $2.5 million, dismantled, shipped stone by stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, where it still stands today.

    Interesting facts about Arizona


    City for seniors
    The world’s first retirement community, Sun City, was built by developer Del Webb just northwest of Phoenix. It was opened on Jan 1, 1960.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Mail by mule
    The only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule is the village of Supai, located at the bottom of the Grand Canyon.

    Interesting Arizona facts



    Daylight Saving Time
    Arizona is one of only two states (Hawaii is the other) that don’t observe Daylight Saving Time. Arizona initially followed DST as per the Uniform Time Act passed in 1966, but later Arizona legislators passed a special exemption bill. The Navajo Nation, located in northeast Arizona, still observes Daylight Saving Time.

    Interesting Arizona facts

    Deepest dam
    Parker Dam in Arizona is the deepest dam in the world; 73 percent of its structural height of 320 feet is below the original riverbed. Men and machines excavated 235 feet into the Colorado riverbed before concrete was placed for the dam's foundation.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Nuclear power
    Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, located about 55 miles west of Phoenix, generates more electricity than any other U.S. power plant.

    Interesting Arizona facts



    Capital
    In 1864 Prescott was designated as the capital of the Arizona Territory, replacing the temporary capital at Fort Whipple. The Territorial Capital was moved to Tucson in 1867. Prescott again became the Territorial Capital in 1877, until Phoenix became the capital in 1889.

    Interesting Arizona facts



    Saguaro
    The saguaro blossom is the state wildflower of Arizona. The Saguaro cactus can grow to be over 45 feet tall and live more than 200 years. The tallest saguaro cactus ever measured towered over 78 feet into the air. Its scientific name, Carnegiea gigantea, is given in honor of Andrew Carnegie. A fully grown saguaro cactus can store up to 1,000 liters of water.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    Sonoran Desert
    The Sonoran Desert is the most biologically diverse desert in North America.

    Interesting Arizona state facts


    Big lakes
    The two largest manmade lakes in the U.S. are Lake Mead and Lake Powell - both located in Arizona.

    Interesting Arizona facts


    O.K. Corral
    The legendary 1881 Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in the Arizona Territory town of Tombstone is considered the most famous shootout in the American Old West, and lasted only 30 seconds

    Cool Arizona facts


    Four Corners
    The Four Corners is the only location in the United States where four states (Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah) intersect at one point. At the Four Corners. a person can be in four states at the same time by placing four limbs in four states

    Random Arizona facts


    Mine Inspector
    Long known for its mineral wealth, Arizona is the only state in the union that elects a Mine Inspector.

    Random Arizona facts


    Turquoise Arches
    Only one McDonald’s in the world has turquoise arches. Sedona, Arizona city officials forced the local McDonald’s restaurant to avoid yellow as it may 'clash' with the natural red rock.

    Arizona state quick facts

    Nickname The Grand Canyon State List
    Capital Phoenix List
    Largest city Phoenix List
    Largest metro Phoenix Metro (rank: 12) List
    Motto Ditat Deus (God enriches) List
    Abbreviation AZ List
    Population 7 million (rank: 14) List
    Population density 57 per mile2 (rank: 33) List
    Life expectancy 79.6 years (rank: 17) List
    Median age 37.4 years (rank: 16) List
    Area 113,990 mile2 (rank: 6) List
    Median household income $52,248 (rank: 32) List
    Statehood February 14, 1912 (48th state) List
    Mean elevation 4,100 ft (1250 m) List
    Highest point Humphreys Peak 12,637 ft (3852 m) List
    Governor Doug Ducey (R)
    Time now
Funny Arizona fun facts
The first ever college established by and for the Native American community is in Navajo Nation area of Arizona. Founded in 1968 as Navajo Community College, it is currently known as Diné College.
Arizona fun facts for kids
Out of all the states in the United States, Arizona has the largest percentage of its land designated as Indian lands.
Arizona fun facts

Mount Lemmon, in the Santa Catalina Mountains, is the southernmost ski resort in the United States.
Fun Arizona facts

Rooster Cogburn Ostrich Ranch in Picacho, Arizona is the largest privately-owned ostrich ranch in the world outside South Africa.
OMG Arizona facts

When England’s famous London Bridge was replaced in the 1960s, the original was purchased, dismantled, shipped stone by stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, where it still stands today.
Introduction to Arizona - Video

Arizona Facts for kids
The world’s largest to-scale collection of miniature airplane models is housed at the library at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona.
Ramdom Arizona facts
The only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule is the village of Supai, located at the bottom of the Grand Canyon.
Arizona fun Facts

Parker Dam in Arizona is the deepest dam in the world; 73 percent of its structural height of 320 feet is below the original riverbed. Men and machines excavated 235 feet into the Colorado riverbed before concrete was placed for the dam's foundation.
Random Arizona fun facts

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is the busiest airport in Arizona.
Arizona fun facts
Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, located about 55 miles west of Phoenix, generates more electricity than any other U.S. power plant.
cute Arizona facts
Oraibi, a Hopi village located in Navajo County, Arizona, dates back to before A.D. 1200 and is reputed to be the oldest continuously inhabited community in America.
cute Arizona facts
Chino Valley’s Fort Whipple was a U.S. Army post that served as Arizona Territory’s first capital prior to the founding of Prescott. The post was founded in January 1864, but was moved in May 1864 to Granite Creek near present-day Prescott.
Arizona fun facts
The Saguaro cactus is the largest cactus found in the U.S. It can grow as high as a five-story building and is native to the Sonoran Desert, which stretches across southern Arizona. A fully grown saguaro cactus can store up to nine tons of water.
Arizona fun facts
The Sonoran Desert is the most biologically diverse desert in North America.
Arizona fun facts
The two largest manmade lakes in the U.S. are Lake Mead and Lake Powell—both located in Arizona.
Arizona fun facts
Arizona is one of the only two states that does not observe Daylight Savings time (Hawaii is the other)
Arizona fun facts
The legendary 1881 Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in the Arizona Territory town of Tombstone is considered the most famous shootout in the American Old West, and lasted only 30 seconds
Arizona fun facts
The Four Corners is the only location in the United States where four states (Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah) intersect at one point. At the Four Corners. a person can be in four states at the same time by placing four limbs in four states