Connecticut state quick facts
    Connecticut Facts
    State of Connecticut
    Nickname The Constitution State
    Capital Hartford
    Largest city Bridgeport
    Population 3.6M (Rank:29)

    Connecticut facts

    How did Connecticut get its name?
    The State of Connecticut is named after the River Connecticut, the largest river in New England. The word 'Connecticut' is derived from 'Quinnehtukqut', a Mohegan Indian word for "Long River Place" or "Beside the Long Tidal River"

    Facts about Connecticut state



    Capital move
    From 1703 to 1875, Connecticut had two capitals; sessions of the General Assembly met alternately in Hartford and New Haven. Since then, the capital has been Hartford.

    Connecticut facts

    How did Connecticut get its nickname?
    Connecticut was officially nicknamed 'The Constitution State' by the Connecticut General Assembly in 1959. Connecticut is a bellweather democracy and had world's first written Constitution of a democratic government. Its Fundamental Orders of 1639 laid down principles of government based on the will of the people. That’s why Connecticut is nicknamed "The Constitution State"

    Facts about Connecticut state


    The Nutmeg State
    Connecticut is also called 'The Nutmeg State' as the Connecticut residents are so ingenious that they can sell wooden nutmegs as real nutmegs to unsuspecting buyers! (Nutmeg is a valuable spice in the colonial America)

    Connecticut facts



    Hello doctor
    First medical diploma in USA was granted by Yale University in 1729

    Connecticut facts


    First nuclear submarine
    USS Nautilus, world's first nuclear submarine was launched in New London, Connecticut in 1954

    Connecticut facts



    Jarvik 7
    First artificial heart in the world was developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik of Stamford, Connecticut

    Connecticut facts


    Cotton gin
    First cotton gin was patented by Eli Whitney of New Haven, Connecticut in 1794

    Connecticut facts

    Second largest casino
    Foxwoods Resort Casino in Mashantucket, CT is the second largest casino in the United States (WinStar World Casino in Oklahoma is the largest casino in the United States)

    Connecticut facts

    Speed limit : 12
    The first automobile law was passed by the state of Connecticut in 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour.

    Connecticut facts


    Oldest Newspaper
    Established in 1764, 'The Hartford Courant' is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States

    Connecticut facts


    Birth place of Dubya
    George W. Bush, born in New Haven on July 6, 1946, is the only US President born in Connecticut

    Connecticut facts

    Oldest public library
    The Scoville Memorial Library is the oldest public library in America. Richard Smith started this library in 1771 using community contributions to buy 200 books in London. One could borrow and return books on the third Monday of every third month.

    Connecticut state facts


    Charter Oak
    Sir Edward Andros, governor of other New England colonies tried many times to gain control of Connecticut. In 1687, he entered Hartford and demanded the charter. The people refused, hiding the charter in an oak tree, later known as the “Charter Oak.”

    Connecticut facts


    Submarine museum of the United States
    U.S.S. Nautilus is the state ship of Connecticut. The USS Nautilus, world's first nuclear powered submarine, was built in Groton, Connecticut in 1954. The Submarine Force Museum in Groton is home of the historic ship Nautilus (SSN 571). It is the official submarine museum of the United States Navy

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    Light and Truth
    New Haven, Connecticut is home to one of the best universities of the world - Yale University. Founded in 1701 asThe Collegiate School, it moved to New Haven in 1716 and renamed Yale College in honour of a wealthy British merchant, Elihu Yale. Yale is America’s third-oldest university (only Harvard and William & Mary are older). First Ph.D. Degree in the United States was awarded by the Yale University in Philosophy (1861) Five of Yale’s graduates (Taft, Ford, Clinton and both Bushes) became Presidents of the United States

    Cool facts about Connecticut


    Largest maritime museum
    The Museum of America and the Sea, in Mystic, Connecticut, is the largest maritime museum in the world.

    Interesting Connecticut facts


    Smile, please
    The Polaroid Corporation was born in a Lebanon, Connecticut, boys camp in 1922 when a teacher showed a 13-year old boy, Edwin Herbert Land, how to take the glare off a tabletop. Connecticut-born Edwin Land, who patented 535 inventions, more than any American except Thomas Edison, was best known for his Polaroid Camera

    Interesting Connecticut facts



    Birthplace of helicopter
    On September 14, 1939, the VS-300, the world’s first practical helicopter, took flight at Stratford, Connecticut. Designed by Igor Sikorsky and built by the Vought-Sikorsky Aircraft Division of the United Aircraft Corporation, the helicopter was this first to incorporate a single main rotor and tail rotor design. Piloted by Sikorsky, the September 14 tethered flight created history

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    The Provision State
    To George Washington, Connecticut was "The Provision State" because of supplies contributed to his army by Gov. Jonathan Trumbull - the only Colonial governor, incidentally, to support the cause of America’s independence from Great Britain.

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    No county government
    Connecticut has no county government. Below the state level, governing units are either cities or towns. The Connecticut General Assembly abolished all county governments on October 1, 1960. Counties are, however, still used by the state to organize its judicial and state marshal system.

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    First law school
    First law school in the United States, Litchfield Law School, was established in 1784. Graduates included John C. Calhoun, Aaron Burr, Horace Mann, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. and Noah Webster

    Interesting Connecticut facts


    Frisbie
    The first Frisbee, an empty pie tin, was developed in Connecticut. A man named William Russell Frisbie ran the Frisbie Pie Company and Yale University students found that the tins that held Frisbie’s delectable pies could be flung across rooms with ease.

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    Nuclear power
    Connecticut is home to the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus, which was built in Groton, Connecticut, in 1954. After her first cast off, the ship signalled the words “Underway on nuclear power.” The sub is now permanently docked in Groton and serves as a museum of submarine history.

    Interesting Connecticut facts

    Phone book
    The first telephone book was issued in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 21, 1878, and featured only 50 names. One month earlier, New Haven was responsible for the first telephone exchange, with operators manning switchboards to direct incoming and outgoing calls.

    Interesting Connecticut facts


    Lyme, Connecticut
    Lyme disease was first identified in 1975 after a group of people who lived near Lyme, Connecticut complained of odd arthritic symptoms. Physicians examined them, and realized their condition was tied to ticks.

    Interesting Connecticut facts



    World Wrestling Entertainment
    World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. is headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut

    Connecticut state quick facts

    Nickname The Constitution State List
    Capital Hartford List
    Largest city Bridgeport List
    Largest metro Hartford Metro (rank: 47) List
    Motto Qui transtulit sustinet (He who transplanted still sustains) List
    Abbreviation CT List
    Population 3.6 million (rank: 29) List
    Population density 739 per mile2 (rank: 4) List
    Life expectancy 80.8 (rank: 3) List
    Median age 40.6 years (rank: 44) List
    Area 5,567 mile2 (rank: 48) List
    Median household income $72,889 (rank: 4) List
    Statehood January 9, 1788 (5th state) List
    Mean elevation 500 ft (152 m) List
    Highest point Mount Frissell 2,379 ft (725 m) List
    Coastline 96 miles List
    Governor Dannel P. Malloy (D)
    Time now

First in the nation

First in the USA
First revolver was produced in Connecticut (1836)
First public art museum was established in Connecticut in 1842.
First portable typewriter was produced in Connecticut in 1843.
First use of anesthesia was in Connecticut in 1844.
Connecticut was the first state to issue permanent license plates for cars (1937)
Elias Howe of Connecticut procured a patent for the first practical sewing machine in 1846.
World's first hamburger served at Louie's Lunch in New Haven , Connecticut in 1895.
First FM radio station, WDRC-FM began broadcasting in Hartford, Connecticut in 1939.
First pay phone in the United States was established in Connecticut in 1877.
First telephone exchange in the United States was established in Bridgeport, Connecticut in 1877.
The first blast furnace in Connecticut was built in Lakeville in 1762.
First vacuum cleaner was designed in Connecticut in 1933.
The first automobile law was passed by the state of Connecticut in 1901.
The first steel mill in America located in Simsbury It opened in 1728.
The first telephone book was issued in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 21, 1878, and featured only 50 names.
First law school in the United States, Litchfield Law School, was established in 1784.
First cotton gin was patented by Eli Whitney of New Haven, Connecticut in 1794
First medical diploma in USA was granted by Yale University in 1729
First artificial heart in the world was developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik of Stamford, Connecticut
USS Nautilus, world's first nuclear submarine was launched in New London, Connecticut in 1954
World’s first sports cable channel, ESPN, was launched in Bristol, Connecticut (1979)

Interesting Connecticut facts

Telephone exchange
George W. Coy designed and built the First commercial US telephone exchange which opened in New Haven, Connecticut in January, 1878. The first word used to answer the phone was the nautical greeting “ahoy” because the first regular phone system was in the maritime state of Connecticut. Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor, answered with the Gaelic “hoy,” but it was Thomas Edison’s greeting of “hello,” that caught world's attention

Interesting Connecticut facts


Lolly Pop
In 1800's, most candies were too large for a child’s mouth, and George Smith of Connecticut solved the problem by putting the candy on a stick. He named his invention after a famous racehorse of the time, Lolly Pop

Interesting Connecticut facts

Adriaen Block
Dutchman Adriaen Block was the first to explore the Connecticut Valley in 1614. In 1633, English colonists came from Massachusetts to settle Windsor, the first permanent settlement in Connecticut. Together with settlements in Wethersfield and Hartford they united to form the Connecticut Colony in 1636.

Interesting Connecticut facts



Noah Webster
West Hartford is the birthplace of Noah Webster, the author of the first American English dictionary published in 1807.

Interesting Connecticut facts



First woman inventor
Mary Kies, first woman to receive a U. S. patent, is from Killingly. She received a patent on May 15, 1809 for her method of weaving straw with silk.

Interesting Connecticut facts



State hero
Nathan Hale, a hero of the Revolutionary War, is the state hero of Connecticut. Patriot-spy Nathan Hale, as he was about to be hanged by the British, said: "I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."

Interesting Connecticut facts



State heroine
Prudence Crandall, state heroine of Connecticut, was socially ostracized in her days for opening a private academy for young women of color

Interesting Connecticut facts


Arsenal of the Nation
Connecticut is often described as the "Arsenal of the Nation" It gained this reputation as early as the American Revolution. Early in the 19th century, Eli Whitney and Simeon North began making Connecticut firearms with interchangeable parts. This is generally recognized as the beginning of modern mass production. Inventor Eli Whitney began manufacturing his cotton gins, which revolutionized the economy of the South, at New Haven in 1793.

Interesting Connecticut facts


Insurance State
Connecticut began to earn its reputation as the Insurance State more than 180 years ago. first insurance company, ITT Hartford Group, Inc. Officially opened for business in 1810 and people were able to take insurance for the "loss of life or personal injury while journeying by railway or steamboat" Marine insurance, the great grandfather of all modern forms of insurance, had its start in Connecticut with coverage for ships and cargoes which sailed from the state’s ocean and river ports to the Caribbean. Fire insurance got its formal start in 1794; other types - life, accident, casualty, health - followed over the next century. There are 106 insurance companies based in Connecticut. In 1898 the first car insurance in America is issued at Hartford, Connecticut.

Interesting Connecticut facts


Sons of soil
Connecticut's famous sons and daughters include Ethan Allan, Nathan Hale (American Hero), P.T. Barnum (circus pioneer), Oliver Ellsworth (Chief Justice), Charles Goodyear (originator of vulcanized rubber), Elias Howe (inventor), Eli Whitney (inventor), Eli Terry (inventor), Katharine Hepburn (actress), John Mayer (pop artist), Harriet Beecher Stowe (author), Mark Twain (author), Morris Waite (Supreme Court), Noah Webster (lexicographer)