Illinois state quick facts
    Illinois Facts
    State of Illinois
    Nickname Land of Lincoln
    Capital Springfield
    Largest city Chicago
    Population 12.8M (Rank:6)

    Illinois facts

    How did Illinois get its name?
    The name 'Illinois' was derived from Illini Indian's word for themselves - 'Illiniwek' - which literally meant 'people who speak the regular way'. The current spelling and pronunciation came from the French explorers and settlers

    Facts about Illinois state


    Why Illinois is called the 'Land of Lincoln'?
    Illinois is nicknamed 'Land of Lincoln' as Abraham Lincoln, though born in Kentucky, grew up in Illinois and called it his home state. The state's previous nickname was 'the Prairie State'.

    Illinois facts



    1904 Olympics
    Chicago, Illinois originally won the bid to host the 1904 Olympics, but the organizers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis began to plan for its own sports activities, threatening to eclipse the Olympic Games unless they were moved to St. Louis. Pierre de Coubertin gave in and moved the games to St. Louis. Though Chicago was the first American city to win the bid to host Olympics, it could never host the Olympics.

    Facts about Illinois state


    First skyscraper
    Built in 1885, Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois was the first skyscraper in the world.

    Illinois facts


    ORD
    Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) is the second-busiest airport in the world by number of takeoffs and landings. Initially called Orchard Field Airport, the airport was renamed "O'Hare International Airport" to honor Edward O'Hare, the U.S. Navy's first flying ace and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II.

    Illinois facts



    Go back river
    The Chicago River is the one of the few in the world that was made to flow backwards. The Chicago River's flow was permanently reversed in 1900 using a series of canal locks to reverse the flow and empty sewage into the Mississippi, instead of Lake Michigan. This monumental feat of engineering achievement named a 'Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium' by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

    Illinois facts


    Springfield
    Springfield's original name was Calhoun, after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. In 1832, the town renamed itself Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts. Kaskaskia was the first capital of the Illinois Territory from its organization in 1809, continuing through statehood in 1818, and through the first year as a state in 1819. Vandalia was the second state capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839.

    Illinois facts

    Drive-thru PO
    The Chicago Post Office at 433 West Van Buren is the only postal facility in the world you can drive a car through.

    Illinois facts



    Tallest man
    Robert Pershing Wadlow, also known as the Giant of Illinois, was an American who became famous as the tallest person ever in human recorded history for whom there is irrefutable evidence. He was born and raised in Alton, Illinois. Wadlow reached 8 ft 11.1 inches in height and weighed 490 lb (220 kg) at his death at age 22.

    Illinois facts


    Nuclear power
    Illinois generates more electricity from nuclear power than any other state in the country and accounts for about 10% of national nuclear generation. The state hosts 11 operating nuclear reactors that account for about 50% of electricity generation in Illinois.

    Illinois facts


    Sears Tower
    The 108-story 1,450-foot (442.1 m) Willis Tower in Chicago, built as and still commonly referred to as Sears Tower, is the second-tallest building in the United States and the Western hemisphere. At completion in 1973, it surpassed the World Trade Center towers in New York to become the tallest building in the world, a title it held for nearly 25 years until Petronas Towers of Malaysia surpassed it. Fazlur Rahman is the architect for the building.
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    Illinois facts

    Interesting Illinois facts


    Progressive state
    Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery.

    Interesting Illinois state facts


    Birthplace of Atom bomb
    On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi and a small band of scientists and engineers demonstrated that a simple construction of graphite bricks and uranium lumps could produce controlled heat. The space chosen for the first nuclear fission reactor was a squash court under the football stadium at the University of Chicago.

    Interesting Illinois facts


    Chicago fire
    What began as an ordinary fire in Patrick and Catherine O’Leary’s barn on October 8, 1871, quickly turned into what became known as the Great Chicago Fire, which devastated roughly 18,000 buildings, left close to 100,000 inhabitants homeless and killed between 200 and 300 people. Only two buildings survived the great Chicago fire, the Chicago Water Tower and Pumping Station

    Cool Illinois facts


    Carol Moseley Braun
    Carol Moseley Braun, the first African American woman ever to serve as U.S. Senator, represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1993 to 1999

    Interesting Illinois facts



    Tallest man
    Robert Pershing Wadlow, also known as the Giant of Illinois, was an American who became famous as the tallest person ever in human recorded history for whom there is irrefutable evidence. He was born and raised in Alton, Illinois. Wadlow reached 8 ft 11.1 inches in height and weighed 490 lb (220 kg) at his death at age 22.

    Interesting Illinois facts


    Pumpkins
    Illinois is the largest producer of pumpkins in the United States. It is also the second largest producer of corn in the United States.

    Illinois state quick facts

    Nickname Land of Lincoln List
    Capital Springfield List
    Largest city Chicago List
    Largest metro Chicago-Naperville-Elgin Metro (rank: 3) List
    Motto State Sovereignty, National Union List
    Abbreviation IL List
    Population 12.8 million (rank: 6) List
    Population density 232 per mile2 (rank: 12) List
    Life expectancy 79 (rank: 25) List
    Median age 37.7 years (rank: 21) List
    Area 57,953 mile2 (rank: 25) List
    Median household income $60,413 (rank: 18) List
    Statehood December 3, 1818 (21st state) List
    Mean elevation 600 ft (183 m) List
    Highest point Charles Mound 1,235 ft (376.4 m) List
    Governor Bruce Rauner (R)
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