Massachusetts state quick facts
    Massachusetts Facts
    State of Massachusetts
    Nickname The Bay State
    Capital Boston
    Largest city Boston
    Population 6.9M (Rank:15)

    Massachusetts facts




    How did Massachusetts get its name?
    British colonist John Smith named Massachusetts for the Massachusett tribe, an indigenous people who lived in the area for hundreds of years before the arrival of the Europeans, The name meant “near the great hill” in the tribe's language, probably referring to the 'Great Blue Hill' in the southwest of Boston

    Massachusetts facts

    First subway system
    The first subway system in the United States was established in Boston in 1897. The route took under 4 minutes to travel one-way.

    Facts about Massachusetts


    New College
    Established in New Towne (now called Cambridge) in 1636 by vote of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Harvard University was the first institution of higher education in the United States. It was initially called "New College", but later renamed Harvard College after deceased clergyman John Harvard, who had left the school £779 and his library of about 400 books.

    Massachusetts facts


    Oldest public park
    The oldest public park in the United States of America, Boston Common was purchased by its citizens in 1634 for 30 Pounds and officially set aside as public or "common" land by a vote in 1640. The park's original purpose was for military training grounds and a place for grazing cattle.

    Facts about Massachusetts state


    First lighthouse
    The first lighthouse in America was the Boston Light, built in 1716 at Boston Harbor.

    Massachusetts facts



    Birth of basketball
    Dr. James Naismith, a physical education teacher at the International YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts invented the game of Basket Ball (now called basketball) in December 1891 as a way to occupy his students indoors during the cold winter months. The first game was played with a soccer ball and a peach basket attached to the wall 10 feet above the floor

    Massachusetts facts

    MA 01001
    Agawam, Massachusetts received the first Zip Code in the United States. Agawam's ZIP code of 01001 is the lowest number in the continental United States (not counting codes used for specific government buildings such as the IRS)

    Massachusetts facts

    Birth of telephone
    The first telephone call in history was made between inventor Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, on March 10, 1876, in Boston, Massachusetts. Bell spoke the words “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you” into the device and Watson heard the message from the receiver in the next room.

    Massachusetts facts

    First public school system
    The first public school system in the United States was founded in Boston in 1635 and Boston Latin was the first public school in the United States. The Mather School in Dorchester, Massachusetts was founded in 1639 as the first public elementary school.

    Massachusetts facts

    Wireless
    The first transatlantic wireless message originating from the United States took place in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, on January 18, 1903. Inventor Guglielmo Marconi transmitted a message from President Theodore Roosevelt to England’s King Edward VII using Morse code.

    Massachusetts facts



    Thanksgiving
    After a harsh winter that claimed the lives of half of the Mayflower’s original immigrants from England in 1620, the Pilgrims were taught to plant corn and survive in the wilderness by Native American Indians. In November of the following year, the Pilgrims organized a harvest feast in Plymouth to celebrate their new crop — an event widely regarded as America’s “first Thanksgiving.”

    Massachusetts facts



    Mintonette
    On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette (referencing its similarity to badminton) as a less strenuous alternative to basketball (which was invented four years before in the nearby town, Springfield, Massachusetts) Alfred Halstead noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the International YMCA Training School (now called Springfield College) and called it volley ball (now called volleyball)

    Massachusetts state facts

    Johnny Appleseed
    John Chapman (popularly known as 'Johnny Appleseed') of Massachusetts was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of the Midwestern United States.

    Massachusetts facts


    Public Library
    Boston Public Library is the second largest Public Library in the United States. Harvard University Library, also in Boston, is the third largest Library in the United States.
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    Massachusetts facts

    Interesting Massachusetts facts




    Capital with a coastline
    Situated on the Atlantic coast, Boston is the only state capital in the contiguous United States with an ocean coastline

    Interesting Massachusetts facts


    First American Scientist
    The first American Nobel Prize Winner in sciences was Albert A. Michelson of Worcester, Massachusetts. Michelson was chairman of Clark University’s Physics Department whose prize-winning work concerned the measurement of light.

    Interesting facts about Massachusetts

    Birthplace of US Navy
    The founding vessel of the United States Navy, the schooner Hannah, was commissioned on 2 September 1775 at Beverly, Massachusetts

    Interesting Massachusetts facts


    Revere Beach
    The first public beach in the United States, Revere Beach, is in Massachusetts.

    Interesting facts about Massachusetts state


    First lighthouse
    The first lighthouse in America was the Boston Light, built in 1716 at Boston Harbor.

    Interesting Massachusetts facts



    Salem witch trials
    Nineteen people were hanged at Gallows Hill in 1692 for worshipping the devil and practicing witchcraft, and close to 200 others were similarly accused. In 1711, after judge Samuel Sewall and others involved in the Salem witch trials had admitted wrongdoing, the colony restored the good names of all accused and granted restitution to their heirs.

    Interesting Massachusetts facts

    First flag
    The first flag of the United American Colonies, the Grand Union Flag or Continental Colours, was raised on Prospect Hill in Somerville, Massachusetts on January 1, 1776. It has 13 alternate red and white stripes representing the Thirteen Colonies and the British Union Jack, in a square in the upper left-hand corner

    Interesting Massachusetts facts


    USS Constitution
    The USS Constitution, or "Old Ironsides", is the US Navy's oldest commissioned warship and it is berthed in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Massachusetts

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    Boston terrier
    The first purebred dog developed in the United States, Boston terrier, is the state dog of Massachusetts.

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    Cape Cod National Seashore
    The Cape Cod National Seashore was created after the federal government purchased portions of privately and state owned land. This represents the first time that the federal government purchased land specifically for the purposes of establishing a park.

    Interesting Massachusetts facts


    Birth control pill
    The birth control pill was developed in the 1950s at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, by Dr. Gregory Pincus.

    Interesting Massachusetts facts



    Chocolate chip cookie
    The chocolate chip cookie was invented in Whitman, Massachusetts, in 1938 by a woman named Ruth Wakefield. One night, at the restaurant she and her husband Kenneth owned called the Toll House Inn, Ruth threw in some semi-sweet chocolate pieces to her cookie recipe. The testy treats — originally called “Toll House Crunch Cookies” — grew in popularity once the recipe was printed in a Boston newspaper.

    Interesting Massachusetts state facts

    Webster Lake
    Known colloquially as Webster Lake, the official name for the body of water in the town of Webster, Massachusetts, is Lake Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg. The Algonquian word means "English knifemen and Nipmuck Indians at the boundary or neutral fishing place" It is the longest name of any lake in the world.

    Interesting Massachusetts facts



    Birthplace of American Revolution
    American Revolution began in Massachusetts. At around 5am on April 19, 1775, British army led by Major John Pitcairn came in face to face with Lexington militiamen led by Captain John Parker. Though both leaders asked their men not to fire and disperse peacefully, some unknown person from some unknown location fired the first shot that started the American Revolution. Massachusetts observes a legal holiday called Patriots’ Day on the third Monday of April each year, commemorating the first battles of the American Revolution at Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775.

    Massachusetts state quick facts

    Nickname The Bay State List
    Capital Boston List
    Largest city Boston List
    Largest metro Boston Metro (rank: 10) List
    Motto Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem
    ("By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty")
    List
    Abbreviation MA List
    Population 6.9 million (rank: 15) List
    Population density 840 per mile2 (rank: 3) List
    Life expectancy 80.5 years (rank: 5) List
    Median age 39.4 years (rank: 37) List
    Area 10,565 mile2 (rank: 44) List
    Median household income $67,861 (rank: 7) List
    Statehood February 6, 1788 (6th state) List
    Mean elevation 500 ft (152 m) List
    Highest point Mount Greylock 3,487 ft (1063 m) List
    Coastline 192 miles List
    Governor Charlie Baker (R)
    Time now