New Jersey state quick facts
    New Jersey Facts
    State of New Jersey
    Nickname The Garden State
    Capital Trenton
    Largest city Newark
    Population 9M (Rank:11)

    New Jersey facts



    How did New Jersey get its name?
    The Dutch, Swedes, and Finns were the first European settlers in the present-day 'New Jersey'. In 1664 the Dutch lost control of the land to British. Duke of York (later King James II) granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River (the land that would become New Jersey) to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret (who was in charge of the east side) and Lord John Berkley (who was in charge of the west side). The land was officially named New Jersey after the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel. Carteret was born on the island and had served as its governor.

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    Where is the Statue of Liberty
    The Liberty island on which the Statue of Liberty stands is an exclave of the New York City borough of Manhattan, surrounded by the waters of Jersey City, New Jersey. Liberty Island has been owned by the federal government since 1801, first as military installation and now as a national landmark. So, both "New York" and "New Jersey" are accepted answers to the question "Where is the Statue of Liberty?" on the tests conducted by the US Government, though the preferred answers is "New York Harbor".

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    Most crowded state
    New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the US. As per 2010 census, New Jersey has 1196 persons per square mile (Alaska has less then 2 persons per square mile while USA has 87 persons per square mile) New Jersey's population density is more than that of China.

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    Crossroads of the Revolution
    New Jersey is known as the "Crossroads of the Revolution" as more battles of the Revolutionary War were fought in New Jersey than in any other colony. If not for Gen. George Washington's daring crossing of the ice-filled Delaware River on Christmas night in 1776 and the uplifting victories in Trenton and Princeton that soon followed, the British would've won the War.

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    Buff color
    On September 14, 1779, Commander in chief of the Continental Army George Washington ordered that the uniform coats of the New Jersey Continental Line be dark blue, with buff facings. The colors of the state flag, buff and dark blue (Jersey blue), were the colors George Washington chose for the flag of New Jersey's army regiments during the Revolutionary War.

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    Most urban state
    New Jersey is the only state in the United States that has had every one of its counties deemed "urban" as defined by the Census Bureau's Combined Statistical Area

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    Grover Cleveland
    The only New Jersey born person ever to get elected as president of the United States was (Stephen) Grover Cleveland (1837–1908) However, Cleveland left his birthplace (Caldwell, New Jersey) as a little boy, winning his fame and two terms in the White House (1885–89, 1893–97) as a resident of New York State. Virginia-born (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson, who attended and taught at Princeton and spent most of his adult life in New Jersey, was elected as governor of New Jersey in 1910 and as president of the United States in 1912

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    Point Breeze
    Joseph Bonaparte, who was made King of Spain by his younger brother Napoleon Bonaparte, lived in an estate called Point Breeze in Bordentown, New Jersey.

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    Old state house
    The New Jersey State House is located in Trenton and is the capitol building for the U.S. state of New Jersey. Built in 1790, it is the third-oldest state house in continuous legislative use in the United States; only the Maryland State Capitol in Annapolis and the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond are older.

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    First baseball game
    The first organized baseball game was played in Hoboken, NJ in 1846. The first professional basketball game was played in Trenton, NJ in 1896.

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    Garden state of Highways

    Though 45 percent of the state’s area is covered in forest, it is ironic that the Garden state has the densest system of highways and railroads in the United States.

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    Diner Capital
    New Jersey has more diners than any other state in the United States and is called "The Diner Capital of the world"

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    Land of early innovations
    Thomas Edison generated hundreds of inventions in his Menlo Park laboratory, including the phonograph, which recorded and played back sound, and an electric-powered railway. He became famous for perfecting the incandescent light bulb using a carbon-coated bamboo filament and providing a system of distributing electricity on a mass scale

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    Holland Boat No. 1
    John Philip Holland, Irish engineer and inventor of submarine, tested his first submarine prototype (Holland Boat No. 1) in the Passaic River in Paterson, New Jersey in 1878

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    Busiest airport in New Jersey
    Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), formerly known as Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey. It is the busiest airport in New Jersey and handles about 28 times more traffic than all other New Jersey airports combined.

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      Shall we fill 'er up?
      New Jersey is one of only two states (along with Oregon) where self-service filling of gasoline is prohibited.

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      Berry berry good state
      Among the states of USA, New Jersey is 2nd in blueberry production, 3rd in cranberry production, 3rd in bell peppers production, and 4th peach production

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      Shopaholics are welcome
      With 7 major shopping centers located within a 25-square mile radius, New Jersey holds the nation’s record for most shopping malls located in one area.

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      Longest boardwalk
      The world’s first boardwalk was constructed in Atlantic City in 1870 merely to reduce the amount of sand tracked into nearby hotels and railroad cars. As hotels, shops, restaurants and casinos sprouted up along the seaside, Atlantic City became one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. As of 2012, the boardwalk remains the longest in the world —stretching for six miles.

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      Capitals
      The City of Elizabethtown (now called 'Elizabeth') was the first capital of the State of New Jersey. In 1684, Perth Amboy became the capital of East Jersey and remained the capital until the union of East and West Jersey in 1702, and became an joint colonial capital with Burlington until 1776. Trenton officially became New Jersey's capital on November 25, 1790. Nassau Hall at the College of New Jersey (now called Princeton University) served as the capital of the United States from June 30 to November 4, 1783. The Congress returned to New Jersey one other time as Trenton hosted the Congress from November 1 to December 24, 1784.

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      Cesspool
      New Jersey has the more toxic waste dump sites than any other state in the nation.

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      Oldest seashore resort
      Picturesque Cape May holds the distinction of being the oldest seashore resort in the United States and one of the most unique.

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      Jurassic state
      The first virtually complete dinosaur skeleton discovered in North America was unearthed in 1858 by William Parker Foulke in Haddonfield, New Jersey. The Hadrosaurus foulkii, as it was later named, proved that the existence of dinosaurs was real, and provided the shocking evidence that dinosaurs could be bipedal. In 1868, it became the first dinosaur skeleton in the world to be mounted on display.

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      Miss America
      The first Miss America pageant was held on the Atlantic City boardwalk in September of 1921. The winner was 16-year-old Margaret Gorman of Washington D.C., who took home a $100 prize and a Golden Mermaid trophy.

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      We have a volcano too
      New Jersey has its own volcano. Since the Beemerville volcano, in Sussex County, became extinct millions of years ago, people have built houses all the way up the slope, right to the summit.

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      No official state song
      New Jersey is the only state without a state song

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      Duel
      The famous duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton took place on July 11, 1804 in Weehawken, New Jersey.

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      Disaster in the air
      The Hindenburg caught fire while trying to land at Lakehurst, New Jersey, and went down in a raging ball of flame. Miraculously, more than half of the airship’s passengers and crew survived.

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      Horses

      New Jersey has more horses per square mile than any other state. The United States Equestrian Team is headquartered in Gladstone , NJ.

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      Monopoly
      The properties in the United States version of the board game Monopoly are named after the streets of Atlantic City.

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      Urban, yet agricultural
      New Jersey is the first state to sign the Bill of Rights. New Jersey has 127 miles of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. New Jersey is home to more than 9,800 farms covering 790,000 acres of farmland.

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      Drive-in movie theater
      On June 6, 1933, the first-ever drive-in movie theater, Park-In Theaters, was opened on Crescent Boulevard in Camden, New Jersey. Patrons paid 25 cents per car and 25 cents per person, with no group paying more than one dollar, to see the British comedy Wives Beware under the stars.

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      W2XMN
      In 1937, Edwin Howard Armstrong, inventor of modern FM (frequency modulation) radio transmission, built the first FM radio station, W2XMN, a 40 kilowatt broadcaster, in Alpine, New Jersey. The signal (at 42.8 MHz) could be heard clearly 100 miles (160 km) away, despite the use of less power than an AM radio station

      New Jersey state quick facts

      Nickname The Garden State List
      Capital Trenton City List
      Largest city Newark List
      Motto Liberty and prosperity List
      Largest metro New York-Newark-Jersey City (rank: 1) List
      Abbreviation NJ List
      Population 9 million (rank: 11) List
      Population density 1210 per mile2 (rank: 1) List
      Life expectancy 80.3 (rank: 9) List
      Median age 39.6 years (rank: 39) List
      Area 872,258 mile2 (rank: 47) List
      Median household income $68,357 (rank: 6) List
      Statehood December 18, 1787 (3rd state) List
      Mean elevation 250 ft (76 m) List
      Highest point High Point 1803 ft (550m) List
      Coastline 130 miles List
      Governor Phil Murphy (D)
      Time now

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    New Jerseyans
    Famous New Jerseyans include William "Bud" Abbot, Alan Alda, Jason Alexander, Robert Blake, David Copperfield, Lou Costello, Tom Cruise, Sandra Dee, Brian DePalma, Danny DeVito, Michael Douglas, Kirsten Dunst, John Forsythe, James Gandolfini, Janeane Garafolo, Savion Glover, Ethan Hawke, Frank Langella, Jerry Lewis, Ray Liotta, Bette Midler, Frankie Muniz, Ozzie Nelson, Bebe Neuwirth, Jack Nicholson, Joe Pesci, Christopher Reeve, Paul Robeson, Susan Sarandon, Roy Schneider, Kevin Spacey, Meryl Streep, Loretta Swit, John Travolta, Lee Van Cleef, "Uncle" Floyd Vivino, Bruce Willis, Clerow "Flip" Wilson, Scott Wolfe, William "Count" Basie, Jon Bon Jovi, Connie Francis, Deborah Harry, Lauryn Hill, Whitney Houston, Ice-T, Queen Latifah, Les Paul, Nelson Riddle, Frank Sinatra, Paul Simon, Patti Smith, Bruce Springsteen, Frankie Vallie, Sarah Vaughn, Dionne Warwick, Yogi Berra, Franco Harris, Derek Jeter, Vince Lombardi, Shaquille O'Neal, Joe Theismann, Buzz Aldrin, Aaron Burr, Clara Barton, Thomas Paine, Molly Pitcher, Betsy Ross, Harriet Tubman, President Woodrow Wilson, President Grover Cleveland, Judy Blume, James Fenimore Cooper, Stephen Crane, Allen Gingsburg, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, Toni Morrison, Norman Mailer, Dorothy Parker, Philip Roth, Albert Payson Terhune, William Carlos Williams, Walt Whitman, Malcolm Forbes, Robert Wood Johnson II, "Stormin" Norman Schwarzkopf, Samuel Colt, Thomas Edison, John P. Holland, Joe Piscopo, Marilynn McCoo, Eddie Money, Joyce Kilmer, Caesar Romero, Nathan Lane, Eva Marie Saint, Elisabeth Shue, Dave Thomas (Wendy's), Robert Wuhl, Ernie Kovacs and Kelly Ripa.